Application Area: Environmental and Transport Sciences
Analyses of human-environment systems are characterized by a spatially highly resolved and temporally dynamic acquisition and modeling. The spectrum ranges from the simulation of regional climate systems with subsequent impact analyses by coupled models to the sensor-based control of vehicles with telemetry and video data. Spatial and time-series analyses, prospective ensemble calculations and real-time simulations are examples of exceptionally data- and computer-intensive applications.
At present, coupled models are often used for these applications: The model data are prepared and managed mainly for each individual case with individual routines and specific data storage variants. This results in considerable limitations for the coupling of models and the integration of measured and calculated data, which is why the representation of real complexity and dynamics is considerably restricted. On the other hand, the calculation processes through the insulations and the processing work are extremely time-intensive, which narrowly limits the depiction of uncertainties and the effects of alternative system interventions.
At the same time, the increasing networking of different modes of transport in passenger traffic increasingly leads to the implementation of local and regional data disks and marketplaces for the data-intensive and time-critical linking of traffic information for information and information services. In the area of traffic technology, vehicles are increasingly becoming data transmitters and receivers of environmental signals (e.g. GPS, WLAN, GSM, DAB) as a communication unit with other vehicles and infrastructures (Car-2-X communication). The requirements for corresponding software systems for data evaluation and reduction therefore continue to increase. For the implementation and testing of the methodological sciences of the Competence Centre ScaDS Dresden-Leipzig, the following three sub-topics are focused, whereby cross-references are explicitly included:
- Climate modeling
- Impact modeling and decision support
- Traffic control
Participating Working Groups:
- Climate modeling (Prof. C. Bernhofer, Chair of Meteorology, TUD)
- Impact modeling and decision support (Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Prof. J. Schanze, Chair of Environmental Development and Risk Management)